05 December 2023
A 1,036 TEU containership has reduced its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 27%. Achieving this by operating on a blend of climate-neutral; synthetic natural gas (SNG) and conventional liquefied natural gas (LNG), compared to LNG alone.
Compared with heavy fuel oil (HFO), GHG emission reduction was even as high as 34%. This was according to the German engine manufacturer MAN Energy Solutions.
The ship in question is ElbBLUE, which in 2017 became the world’s first containership retrofitted with LNG.
The data has emerged from measurements initially carried out on board the ship in September 2021. At that time, the ElbBLUE became the first containership worldwide; to replace a portion of its bunkered gas fuel (around 50%) with SNG.
“With this project, we have proven the technical viability of our concept of the maritime energy transition. Today, more than ever, we are convinced that climate-neutral, synthetic fuels point the way to green shipping – and even further beyond… The current, global, political situation underscores the future role that synthetic fuels can play in a diversified energy supply in that they point the way toward less dependence on raw material deposits, suppliers and price fluctuations… As a result of the military attack on Ukraine in violation of international law, LNG prices, for example, have risen massively in recent weeks and are now at a similar level to SNG. If production capacity can be built up quickly and synthetic fuels made available to the market, SNG could become a climate-friendly and – in the long term – economical alternative to fossil fuels in shipping.”Uwe Lauber, CEO of MAN Energy Solutions
Pure SNG to cut GHG by 80%
“With this pilot project, we have proven that any LNG-powered ship can also operate with green SNG from power-to-X… Even with a blend of just 50% SNG, GHG and pollutant emissions are significantly reduced. When operated exclusively on SNG, we would expect a reduction of at least 80% in GHG emissions for modern ships.”Stefan Eefting, Senior Vice President and Head of MAN PrimeServ Augsburg
Gas operation also drastically reduces other polluting emissions compared to HFO. In the case of the ElbBLUE, nitrogen oxide emissions (NOx) dropped by almost 87%. At the same time, if emissions of sulphur oxides (SOx) and particulates were almost completely, eliminated (~99%). These values, achieved in both the exclusive operation on LNG and on a blend with SNG, according to MAN.
Measurements, carried out on a voyage between Brunsbüttel, Germany, and Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Considering that the SNG comprising approximately 50% of the bunkered gas at 85% engine load.
The ElbBLUE power generation involves a MAN 51/60DF four-stroke engine. As a multi-fuel engine, the unit allows operation with either HFO or LNG as fuel. The ship’s test run proved that the latter is replaceable by SNG without engine modification.
Owned by German shipping company Elbdeich and operated by charterer Unifeeder, ElbBLUE, sails the North and Baltic Seas.
It made headlines back in 2017 when proceeded with its main engine conversion to the current four-stroke unit. Particularly, from MAN 8L48/60B to MAN 8L51/60DF which enabled dual-fuel operation with gas. This was the world’s first conversion of a container ship to a multi-fuel operation with climate-friendly LNG.
In September 2021, the ship reached another milestone on the road to climate-neutral shipping. Specifically, in the Elbe port of Brunsbüttel, it became the world’s first container ship to bunker climate-neutral synthetic marine fuel – some 20 tons.
The liquefied SNG production took place in a power-to-gas plant operated by kiwi AG in Werlte, Germany, and generated from 100% renewable energy.
Further reductions in methane slip
SNG is a carbon-neutral fuel as its combustion releases only as much CO2 as captured during its production using power-to-X technology.
However, just like LNG, SNG consists largely of methane (CH4). Hence, during operation, small unburned quantities of the gas can escape – so-called methane slip.
Methane is considered a greenhouse gas that, when released unburned into the atmosphere, is 28 times more harmful to the climate than CO2.
MAN offers solutions for methane-slip-free operation in two-stroke engines. For four-stroke engines, the company is working on various solutions to further reduce the escape of methane from the combustion chamber.
“We have already been able to halve methane slip in our dual-fuel, four-stroke engines in recent years through internal engine measures, and we see further potential in the area of exhaust gas after-treatment. We are currently developing special oxidation catalysts with which we have been able to reduce methane slip by a further 70% in laboratory tests… Next year, we will test the catalyst on board a ship for the first time and expect to have a market-ready technology by 2025.”Stefan Eefting, Senior Vice President and Head of MAN PrimeServ Augsburg
Source: MAN ES